Cromford Mills

A visit to Cromford Mill Derbyshire
cr01  This photograph shows the first mill built by Arkwright. Originally it was five stories high and finished just to the left of the fall pipe. Arkwright extended the mill to its present length to cope with the demand for cotton thread. The mill was gutted by fire in the 20th century and the top two floors weren't replaced. The mill is an empty shell at the present time. cr04  A members  in the mill yard, discussing what they have seen. The building on the left is a warehouse and the next one in the background is the first mill. cr02  The overflow to the Cromford Canal. cr03  A group of members walking at the side of the mill race towards the site of the second mill. The first overflow where the water ran to waste can be seen halfway along the mill race on the right hand side. The overflow to the Cromford Canal is just out of the picture in the foreground.
cr06  Looking at the first mill from the ruins of the second mill which was destroyed by fire in 1890. The mill race is contained by the wall behind the bench in the centre of the picture. One of the warehouses can be seen on the left. cr05  The end of the mill race showing the pit where the water wheel was for the second mill.The wheel was a 'breast shot' wheel. cr07  This is a photograph of a working model of the Water Frame. It is hand powered and has just for bobbins on it. Working frames were powered from a line shaft and had at least 24 bobbins. cr08  The Greyhound Hotel was built by Sir Richard Arkwright to provide accommodation for his prospective customers and clients. It is where he conducted his business.
cr11  One of a row of cottages that Sir Richard Arkwright built for his workers. The two lower floors had sash windows and the top floor had much bigger windows to let the light in for weaving. cr10  A row of houses showing the type of housing Sir Richard Arkwright provided for his workers. Note the number of windows on the top floor to provide light for weaving. These houses, along with many more are grade 2 listed buildings and are kept essentially the same as they were when they were first built. cr13  The school that Sir Richard Arkwright built for the children, well before the time that it became a legal requirement for all children to go to school to learn the ' 3 Rs'. cr12  The Bell Inn at the end of North Street was built by Sir Richard Arkwright for his workers. I don't know whether it is significant but he used to sound the change of shift by a bell on the top of the mill.
cr09  This is a photograph of the pit which contains the main sluice valve to control the flow of water to the mills. It ia affectionately known locally as the bear pit. You can see the head of the sluice valve for controlling the water to the mills. To the left of the valve head you can see the exit of a tunnel which is the end of the Cromford sough which drained the lead mines and provided the water power. cr14  The mill pond that was constructed to take water from the sough when the mills weren't working, especially on Sundays. On Monday mornings the sluice gates would be opened together with the sluice gate from the sough to boost the 'start up' of the mills.